The Yamaha YZ250 is a two-stroke motocross race bike made by Yamaha. The model was launched in 1974 and has been regularly updated, and is one of the only two-stroke bikes of this displacement still in production, with new releases every year.
The original YZ250 of 1974 used an air-cooled 250cc two-stroke engine of 70 mm bore and a 64 mm stroke, which was improved semi-annually. The air-cooled motor was replaced in 1982 with a 249 cc liquid-cooled two-strokereed-valved engine with a YPVS exhaust valve for a wider spread of power. The bore on the water-cooled engine was reduced to 68 mm and the stroke was increased to 68 mm producing a displacement of 247 cc. In 1999, the bore was further reduced to 66.4 mm and the stroke lengthened to 72 mm producing a displacement of 249 cc. The longer stroke engine resulted in a lower redline, slightly less top end power and greatly improved torque at lower RPM.The engine produces a peak 48.8 horsepower (36.4 kW) at 8,800 rpm and 30.6 foot-pounds force (41.5 N⋅m) of torque at 7,500 rpm, with a 9,000 rpm redline .
On its introduction in 1974, the YZ250 used a single backbone steel frame with a twin-shock swingarm. The following year, reflecting the factory racer Hakan Andersson's factory racer, the swingarm became a monoshock unit, initially made of steel, then aluminum from 1978. The swingarm rear suspension system featured more than 12" of travel, while the telescopic inverted front forks had 11.8 inches (300 mm) of travel. In the 2005 model year the YZ250 gained a new frame made from aluminum that reduced the dry weight to approximately 212 lb (96 kg). All YZ250s feature front and rear hydraulic disc brakes.