The Honda Fit (Japanese: ホンダ・フィット, Hepburn: Honda Fitto), also marketed as Honda Jazz, is a five-door B-segmentsupermini manufactured and marketed by Honda since 2001 and now in its fourth generation. Marketed worldwide and manufactured at ten plants in eight countries, sales reached almost 5 million by mid-2013.
Honda released hybrid petroleum-electric versions of the Fit in Japan in October 2010 and in Europe in early 2011. Honda released the Fit EV, a limited production all-electric version, in the United States in July 2012 and in Japan the following month. By 2012, Honda Fit was produced in 12 countries, including Japan, Brazil, China, India and Indonesia.
Honda uses the "Jazz" nameplate in Europe, Oceania, the Middle East, Africa, Hong Kong, Macau, some ASEAN countries and India; and "Fit" in Japan, Sri Lanka, China, Taiwan and the Americas.
The Fit debuted in June 2001 in Japan, winning the Car of the Year Japan Award. By December 2001, it had outsold Toyota Corolla, and ranked first in sales for nine out of twelve months in 2002. It subsequently was introduced in Europe (early 2002), Australia (late 2002), South America (early 2003), South Africa and South-East Asia (2003), China (September 2004), and Mexico (late 2005).
The Fit's fuel tank under the front seat and compact rear suspension have enabled the rear seats to fold especially low, creating a flexible and regularised cargo volume that is large for its class.
A production model for the United States and Canada debuted on January 8, 2006 at the North American International Auto Show in Detroit. The car was released in Canada on April 3, 2006, and in the U.S. on April 20, 2006 as a 2007 model year. In North American markets, the first-generation Fit was replaced after only two model years by a new 2009 model, which was released for Japan in November 2007 as a 2008 model. Subsequent iterations would maintain the same platforms worldwide.
The first-generation Fit was sold in 6 variations while its City/Fit Aria sedan sibling was sold in 4 variations.
All first generation Fit/Jazz models throughout the world used the following distinct codes, found in the vehicle's identification number (VIN):
Depending on the region, the Fit is available with a 1.2-, 1.3- (in Europe referred as 1.4 L model), 1.5-liter i-DSI engine, or 1.5-liter VTEC engine. All four engines are based on Honda's L-series engine family. The eight-valve i-DSI (intelligent dual and sequential) engines use two spark plugs per cylinder, allowing gasoline to burn more completely; therefore, fuel consumption and emissions are reduced while maximum torque at mid-range rpm is maintained. The 1.5 L VTEC engine has the typical 16-valve configuration that can maximise output at high rpm.
The engines are mated to a five-speed manual, five-speed automatic, and continuously variable transmission (CVT), depending on the region (CVT not offered in United States prior to
2015). Two forms of CVT are offered: the regular, and CVT-7. The latter offers a smooth, continuous flow of power, or seven simulated "gears" controlled by paddle shifters on the steering column.
The Fit's central fuel tank location under the front rather than rear seats — combined with a compact, semi-independent, H-shapedtorsion beam rear suspension — allows for a lower load platform and increased cargo volume. Noted for its "class leading utilization of interior space and maximum flexibility for people or cargo," the Fit offered approximately twice the storage space behind its rear seat compared with the Toyota Yaris hatchback.
Ultra Seat: The fuel tank and rear suspension layout also allows a multiple-mode seating system, marketed by Honda as Ultra Seat (Asia) and Magic Seat (North America, Oceania), with four seating modes — and a fifth in certain markets:
Normal: seats are in their normal position with seating for five.
Utility: Either section (or both) of the 60:40 split rear seat folds and lowers onto itself, creating a flat load surface and increased cargo area.
Long: The rear seat behind the passenger folds down similar to utility mode, but the front passenger seat folds backward, leaving an area that can hold items as long as 2.4 meters (7.9 ft).
Tall: Either section (or both) of the rear seat cushion fold up against the rear seat back, allowing for an area of 1.28 meters (4.2 ft) in height.
Refresh: With the headrest of the front seat removed, the front seat back can be folded down to form a lounge-style sitting area. (available in certain markets)
According to the Fit's chief engineer, Kohei Hitomi, the Magic/Ultra seating system's design "came about after the design team had spent long hours watching people in supermarkets and how they stored their things."
Ultra Luggage: In certain markets, Honda offers the Fit/Jazz without a spare tire, a system marketed as Ultra Luggage, where the spare tire well is used as part of a 'Tall' mode cargo area behind the rear seats. A flexible flap allows three configurations of rear storage: Regular, Tall and Upper/Lower mode.
The first-generation Fit was produced at six locations, in Suzuka, Japan; Sumaré, Brazil; Guangzhou, China; Ayutthaya, Thailand; Karawang, Indonesia; and Laguna, Philippines. Models produced in Japan were for Honda's home market, Europe, some Asian markets, Australia (till the end of 2005), Canada and the United States. Models for the Malaysian, Singaporean, and Vietnamese markets are produced in Thailand. The Brazilian factory supplied Mexico, all of Latin America and the Caribbean. Chinese models were sold in mainland China, and products from a dedicated export plant were exported to some left-hand-drive European markets, while Jazz models in Hong Kong were imported from Japan.
Two engines (1.3 i-DSI and 1.5 VTEC) were offered, each with a number of trim lines ranging from the basic "Y" to the sporty "S". The 1.3 L i-DSI was available with only the regular CVT automatic. The 1.5 L VTEC model with CVT-7 was added in September 2002. A five-speed manual was added in June 2004 for FWD model with the larger engine. Unique to the Japanese market, the Fit is also available in 4WD. Starting at a price of about JPY1,123,000 is the basic 1.3Y model. At the top of the range is the 1.5W four-wheel-drive version for JPY1,743,000. A bewildering range of options and accessories are available at most levels, including Honda's HDD GPS Navigation System called Internavi with its 6.5-inch (170 mm) colour screen. This system incorporates TV and FM radio. In Japan, the Fit replaced the market segment previously served by the eighth-generation Honda Civic and shared a platform with the fourth-generation Honda City, when the Civic no longer complied with Japanese Government dimension regulations when the Civic exceeded the 1700 mm width dimension.
Like Japan, the European Honda Jazz also has two engines available. The European-only 1.2 i-DSI is offered as the base model in many countries, and can be purchased only with a five-speed manual transmission. The 1.4 i-DSI is identical to the 1,339 cc 1.3 i-DSI sold in Japan, but marketed as a 1.4 L to differentiate it from the smaller 1.2 L engine (at 1,244 cc, it is closer to 1.3 L than the bigger one is to 1.4 L). 1.4 L models started out well-equipped with the 5-speed manual standard and CVT-7 available as an option.
The Jazz has been Honda's best-selling model, comprising 30% of European sales.
Local production and sale of the Fit (Hatchback) in China started in September 2004, roughly one year after the launch of the sedan version 'Fit saloon' (City/Fit Aria) in September 2003. The trims are similar to those in Japan; with the combination of 1.3 i-DSI, 1.5 VTEC, five-speed manual, and CVT, there are four models in total.
United States and Canada
2007 Honda Fit base and Sport (US)
The Fit went on sale in the United States and Canada in April 2006 for model year 2007, replacing the Civic hatchback for North America and becoming that market's chief entry-level subcompact. The Civic continues to grow in size and price and was reclassified as a compact (larger than a subcompact) in 2001.
In keeping with Honda's safety initiative, the Fit was offered in North America with power windows, standard side airbags, side-curtain airbags, and ABS, in addition to the mandatory front airbags. Due to differing safety regulations, North American Fits have larger bumpers and a longer front clip than the rest of the world, resulting in a slight increase in overall length.
For the 2008 model, U.S. models feature the Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS) to alert the driver of low pressure in any of the four stock wheels. Unlike some systems, the system in the 2008 Fit notifies the driver that a tire is low, but not which tire. The Fit narrowly missed qualifying for the Canadian government's $1,000 rebate, which is only offered for cars that meet the new federal fuel efficiency rating.Honda Canada Inc. decided to reimburse consumers the rebate for 2007, and a revision to the federal ratings allowed the 2008 Fit to qualify for the $1,000 rebate.
The Fit was offered in two variants in the United States (Base and Sport), and three in Canada (DX, LX and Sport). Differences were primarily limited to cosmetics and standard equipment, since all models shared the same 1.5 L 109 hp (81 kW) engine and standard five-speed manual transmission. A conventional five-speed automatic transmission was optional, instead of the automatic CVT found throughout the rest of the world. The Fit Sport model received paddle shifters mounted behind the steering wheel when ordered with the automatic.
For 2006, 27,934 Fits were sold in the United States. A total
of 56,432 Fits were sold in the United States in 2007.
The 2008 Honda Fit was largely unchanged from the 2007 model with the exception of TPMS and new windshield wipers that abandon the large rubber-blade design to a more traditional rigid plastic with thin rubber-blade design. MSRP was also increased by roughly US$100. Total sales in the United States for the year were 79,794, an increase of almost 41% over previous year.
Honda marketed the Fit as "Small is the New Big".
Car and Driver magazine described, that "[n]ot only is it endowed with an impressive array of standard features and an upscale interior, but its dynamics rival the responses of cars with much fancier pedigrees and price tags." The magazine even cited its lane-change number of 71.4 mph edged the best run by a Ferrari F430 Spider F1 tested. The car was included in Car and Driver′s "10 Best Lists" three times. In May 2006, the Fit was placed first in a Car and Driver comparison of seven economy cars that included Nissan Versa and Toyota Yaris.
Consumer Guide said in its review, "While prices seem steep for a subcompact (compared to the Toyota Yaris and Nissan Versa), this is one in name and exterior size only; it's really a small wagon that challenges some compact SUVs for room while getting significantly better fuel economy".
Fit, sourced from Brazil, was launched in October 2005. Fit is currently (2014) made in Mexico.
Honda started local production and sale of Fit in April 2003 when Brazil became the second production base, after Japan, for Fit. In Brazil, though initially was available with the 1.3 L i-DSI engine only, eventually the Fit has the same engines as the Japanese models (all Brazilian Honda cars have engines imported from Japan) and there are three trim levels available. Base model LX features the 1.35 i-DSI engine (which is marketed as 1.4 in Brazil) and driver side airbag. The second model in the range, the LXL, features the same engine from the LX, but adds some extra equipment: passenger side airbag and ABS. Top model EX has essentially the same equipment as the LXL, but comes with the 1.5 VTEC engine. All models are available with the five-speed manual or the regular CVT automatic. There are neither side airbags nor side curtains available for the Brazilian version. Also, the radio antenna is positioned differently, as it is near the front of the roof. Honda started selling the 2007 model in February 2006 with new bumpers and some cosmetic changes.
Alcohol (ethanol) and gasoline hybrid Fit: Honda Brazil began sales in mid-December 2006, only for the 1.35 i-DSI. 80 hp (60 kW) at 100% gasoline and 83 hp (62 kW) at 100% alcohol. It also works with any intermediary mix rate. There is an additional gasoline fuel tank on the right side under the triangle window for low temperature starts.
Honda Fit was awarded by Quatro Rodas magazine as Best Buy in 2005 and 2006, and as the car with happiest buyers in 2004, 2005, 2006 and 2007.
Launched in 2003, it was sold as the Jazz in South Africa. It is available with the 1.3 i-DSI (badged as a 1.4) or 1.5 VTEC engines both offered with either manual or CVT (automatic) transmission.
All Honda Fits sold in Chile are built in Brazil, except for a few early 2004 models. Until 2007, all three Brazilian trim levels were available LX, LXL and EX, with five-speed manual or CVT automatic transmissions, but for 2008 models, the 1.5-liter 16-valve VTEC engine is no longer available, while the Brazilian LXL, with 1.35-liter 8-valve i-DSI engine, is sold as EX.
The Honda Jazz offering in Australia follows, to a degree, the Japanese versions (excluding the 4WD models), and was released in Australia in October 2002.
The base model Jazz GLi is powered by a 1.34-liter i-DSI engine, and includes air-conditioning, a CD player, two front airbags, ABS brakes, EBD, a trip computer, remote central locking, a transponder coded immobilizer, power steering, windows and mirrors. Standard is a five-speed manual gearbox, with the auto CVT an optional extra.
The VTi adds the 1.5-liter VTEC engine, "sports" trim, and side mirror-mounted turning indicators. Optional is the version of the auto CVT with Formula 1 inspired gear shift paddles on the steering wheel; the VTi-S has a "sports" body kit, fog lights, and 15-inch (380 mm) alloy wheels.
A "dot" on the "J" in Jazz on the rear of the first-generation model indicates whether it is powered by a 1.5- or 1.3-liter engine. The 1.5-liter version (VTi) has a blue dot and 1.3-liter version (GLi) has a red dot. The second-generation models can be differentiated by the presence (VTi) or absence (GLi) of audio controls on the steering wheel. The body kit for the VTi-S has changed since its introduction in 2003. The picture to the right illustrates the differences. The white Jazz VTi-S in the middle is a December 2003 model, while the left silver Jazz is a 2004 VTi with optional bodykit, the right silver Jazz is a 2004 model VTi-S.
Since its introduction to Australia, the Jazz has been imported from Japan. However, in late 2005, Honda Australia began importing the Jazz from Thailand. The cheaper production costs allowed Honda to make significant price cuts across the Jazz range, though the color range has been reduced to six (compared to twelve in Japan).
In 2006, the Australian Honda Jazz received a minor cosmetic facelift. At this stage, a free trade agreement between Australia and Thailand resulted all Australian Honda Jazz models being made in the Thailand factory. The model and trim variants remained the same, excluding the cosmetic changes.
All Jazz models were upgraded to LED tail lights as standard and also the 1.3 L Gli Jazz models have its antenna mounted at the front just above the front windscreen.
The VTi 1.5 L engine and body remained the same with the addition of a sports collapsible antenna mounting on the rear roof. The CVT paddle shift system was altered for easier use. The paddle system is down gears on the left and up gears on the right. The previous model had a shifter for both up down at the three-o'clock and nine-o'clock positions.
The VTi-S is mechanically similar to the VTi, but has a sports body kit. In addition, the LED tail lights are smoked, giving a more 'sporty' look.
The Malaysian version was available in two variants, the 1.5 i-DSI and 1.5 VTEC. Both are equipped with CVT-7 and are front wheel drive. No manual transmission is offered. Unlike the Australian market, which had different trims for the Jazz e.g., (GLi (Base Model with 1.3 motor), VTi (1.5 VTEC motor without Bodykit) and VTi-S (Sports Model with Bodykit)), the Malaysian Jazz models were either the 1.3 iDSi or the 1.5 VTEC. As of March 2003, a sole 1.4 i-DSi model was the only variant available.
Standard equipment on both models includes air-conditioning, driver and front passenger air-bags, CD/radio head unit, ABS brakes, EBD, trip computer, central locking, power-assisted windows, power-assisted side mirrors, power-assisted steering, reflector halogen headlights, and folding seats. Optional extras can be purchased from Honda Dealers/Service Centers all around Malaysia at retail price. A three-year warranty is standard for all Jazz models purchased from authorized Honda dealers in Malaysia.
Initially, the Jazz was sold as a Built-up export (CBU) model (fully imported from Japan), with the sole variant powered by a 1.3 i-DSI engine. Variants included the 1.3 i-DSi and the 1.5 VTEC model. In 2004, the 1.5 i-DSi models were imported from Thailand and 1.5 i-VTEC models were imported from Japan. Subsequently, Malaysia received units built in Thailand. The main and most noticeable difference were rear disc brakes. Japanese models incorporated rear drum brakes.
In early 2006, the Jazz underwent a facelift (introduced earlier in Japan). The new version included new front fascia and bumpers, new rear bumper, new side skirts, side-mirror-mounted indicators/turn signals, rear LED brake lights, rear LED third brake light, body-colored housing headlights and minor interior changes. The motor remained unchanged.
Sold as the Jazz in Singapore by the authorized dealer and Fit by parallel importers. 1.5 L i-DSI variant is offered for the Jazz while the Fit sold by parallel importers is available in 1.3 L only. CVT or five-speed manual transmissions are offered in Singapore.
Introduced in November 2003 for local production and sold as the Jazz in Thailand. Thailand became the third production base to produce Fit, after Japan and Brazil. Initially it was available only with a 1.5 L i-DSI engine, which it shared with City (Fit Aria), and either a five-speed manual transmission or CVT. It is available in two variants, the 1.5 i-DSI and 1.5 VTEC. Both of them are FF layout with CVT-7 or five-speed manual transmission offered.
Jazz's Engine Figures
L4 8 valves i-DSI : Max Power 65 kW (87 hp) at 5,500 rpm, Max Torque 131 N⋅m (97 lb⋅ft) at 2,700 rpm
L4 16 valves VTEC : Max Power 81 kW (109 hp) at 5,800 rpm, Max Torque 143 N⋅m (105 lb⋅ft) at 4,800 rpm
Facelifted Honda Jazz i-DSI (Indonesia)
Facelifted Honda Jazz VTEC (Indonesia)
The Jazz was first imported from Japan under the name Fit in 2002 through grey import channels. In late 2003, Honda decided to import the Jazz from Thailand. Overwhelming demand caused Honda Prospect Motor to assemble Jazz locally at Karawang plant at 2004, while still selling the imported Jazz i-DSI alongside the local one. Honda Jazz was an instant success and became the fourth best-selling car in Indonesia. It was initially offered in only one trim with the 1.5 i-DSI engine mated to either a 5-speed manual or a CVT transmission. In early 2005, a VTEC model was offered with added rear disc brakes, ABS, EBD and airbags.
Sold as the Jazz in the Philippines from 2004 up to 2008 (1st generation). It is available with three trim lines:
1.3 L - five-speed manual, power steering, without air bag
1.3 S - five-speed manual/CVT, all-power, ABS, dual SRS air bag
1.5 S - five-speed manual/CVT(2005), all-power, ABS, dual SRS air bag
The second-generation Fit/Jazz debuted on October 17, 2007 at the 40th Tokyo Motor Show. At its introduction in 2007, it won the Car of the Year Japan Award for the second time. The vehicle offered a longer wheelbase than its predecessor and is wider and longer overall. Overall height is unchanged, while interior height increased by .3 in. Multi-mode seating and cargo configurations were retained (US models were no longer capable of Refresh/Relax Mode until the following gen), with redesigned headrests enabling more convenient folding of the rear seats. The cabin featured greater interior volume, and boot capacity decreased from 21.3 to 20.6 cubic feet (0.58 m3).
Two engines were offered in the second-generation Fit. A 1.3 L (82 cu in) i-VTEC produces 100 PS (74 kW) at 6,000 rpm and 127 N⋅m (94 lbf⋅ft) at 4,800 rpm. This engine was offered in both European and Asian markets. A 1.5 L (91 cu in) i-VTEC engine was also offered and produces a maximum output of 120 PS (88 kW) at 6,600 rpm and 145 N⋅m (107 lbf⋅ft) at 4,800 rpm. This was the only engine available in the American market, in addition to being available in several Asian markets including Japan and Malaysia. A five-speed manual, five-speed automatic (4WD only) and CVT transmission were available.
The chassis was re-engineered, with structural rigidity increased by 164% over the first-generation Fit.
"We are very aware that the predecessor was a little firm, so we spent a lot of time fixing that. But we believe we've got it just right now."
— Kohei Hitomi, chief engineer
The second-generation Fit featured improved ride and handling.
By 2012, Honda Fit was produced in twelve countries, including Japan, Brazil, China, India and Indonesia.
Fit Hybrid (2010)
Honda Jazz Hybrid (Malaysia)
Sales of the Fit Hybrid began in Japan in October 2010. The hybrid version started at ¥1.59 million (around US$20,000), the lowest price for a gasoline-hybrid electric vehicle sold in Japan. The Fit Hybrid featured a 1.3-liter engine and electric motor, with an estimated fuel economy of 3.3 litres per 100 kilometres (86 mpg‑imp; 71 mpg‑US) measured in accordance with Japanese 10–15 cycle. The car used a parallel hybrid system that works in tandem with the gasoline engine. The parallel hybrid system is simple and lightweight while enhancing driving performance and fuel economy.
The European version, called Jazz Hybrid, was unveiled at the 2010 Paris Motor Show and became available in early 2011. Honda Fit/Jazz for the European and Japanese markets featured revised headlights, new front grille, a leather seating option and a new Lime Green exterior color choice. Fuel economy estimated in accordance with European standard is around 65 miles per imperial gallon (4.3 L/100 km; 54 mpg‑US) and CO2 emissions of 104 g/km. It has the lowest carbon emission of automatic car in the B-segment. When the car is driven in a low and steady speed, the car switches to EV mode, and releases no carbon emissions: the engine shuts down, and the car is powered solely by the electric motor.
A compact Intelligent Power Unit (IPU) is located under the rear cargo area, the Jazz Hybrid maintains the same fully adjustable seating configuration as the gasoline-powered model and the same spacious area for optimum use and storage.
With the fuel tank placed in the center, plus an ultra-thin electric motor and compact IPU, it claims to achieve an efficient weight distribution.
In an interview, Kohei Hitomi, the project leader of Fit hybrid, admitted that lowering CO2 further will affect some attributes that buyers of the car value: a bigger electric motor and battery sacrifice spaces utility, and improving aerodynamics might make side mirrors smaller. He said there are benefits for customers to keep all the versatility. The drivetrain is the same drive system as the Honda Insight. The advantages of the system are low cost, low weight and that it can be combined with either manual transmission or continuous variable transmission. The car is better-suited than its diesel competitors in areas where superminis are most common: city centres. It is more economical in urban conditions. Thanks to the instant torque of the electric motor, it has a much better engine response.
The hybrid version was not available in the United States. According to Koichi Kondo, Executive Vice President of Honda:
"As for the future, it's open to question. We will carefully be watching the market situation." Hitomi, as reported by Automotive News, believed that the second-generation Fit offered in the North American market had very good fuel mileage, as it was and questioned if buyers were willing to pay extra for marginal mileage gains.
It is reported about 86,000 Fit Hybrid are sold in 2011.
In Malaysia, the Fit hybrid was called Jazz hybrid. Honda introduced the hybrid model to Malaysia in March 2012.
Honda had planned to produce the Jazz hybrid in Malaysia by the end of 2012. Honda was the largest hybrid vehicle seller in Malaysia in 2011 and by 2012 Malaysia was Honda's largest hybrid vehicle market in Southeast Asia.
It was reported that Honda would introduce the Fit hybrid to China during 2012.
The Jazz hybrid was launched in Thailand in July 2012, the first hybrid in the country's sub-compact market. First time buyers of the car were eligible for Thai government's first car tax rebate. The hybrid model is assembled in Thailand.
New model of Fit Hybrid was launched in Japan in 2013. It is equipped with Honda's next-generation sport hybrid i-DCD system that combines a 97 kW (130 hp), 156 N·m (115 lb·ft) 1.5-liter direct injection engine combined with a 22 kW (30 hp) 160 N·m (118 lb·ft) Honda H1 motor. Powertrains are shared with Honda Vezel and Honda Grace Hybrid.
The Fit Shuttle is a compact station wagon derived from the second generation Fit and is available in Japan's domestic market. The Shuttle is also a successor to the station wagon variant of first generation Fit, sold as the Airwave. The car leverages the efficient packaging of Fit and Fit hybrid.
The launch of the car in June 2011 was pushed back from March as a result of the earthquake and tsunami in Japan on March 11, 2011. Production of the car was transferred from Honda's Sayama plant in Saitama Prefecture to Suzuka plant in Mie Prefecture as a result of power rationing after the quake. Production began in early May 2011. The Fit Shuttle was shortlisted for Car of The Year Japan 2012.
Its drivetrains are shared with the Fit. The Fit Shuttle has a 1.5 L i-VTEC engine with 120 hp (89 kW), which is optional in Japan's Fit. A hybrid version, the Fit Shuttle hybrid, is also available, with a 1.3 L i-VTEC engine with IMA. Continuously variable transmission is the only transmission available for FWD models. A five-speed auto transmission is standard on four-wheel-drive models.
The fuel efficiency of the station wagon and its hybrid variant was enhanced to be the same as that of Fit and Fit hybrid by reducing engine friction, front brake rolling resistance, improvement in aerodynamics and improvement of control efficiency of the hybrid system. All models feature ECON Mode for enhancing real-world fuel economy. Hybrid model has Eco Assist (Ecological Drive Assist System) to help the driver engage in fuel-efficient driving practices. It went on sale on June 16, 2011, in Japan.
The Fit Shuttle comes with a double-hinged two-piece load floor that both allows access to an under-floor storage bin and also functions as a divider for the cargo area. Through better sound dampening and insulation, the Fit Shuttle is pledged to be as quiet as a mid-size sedan.
Japanese sales began in October 2007. Facelifted models, and the hybrid version, arrived in October 2010. Models available in Japan are the 1.3 L and 1.5 L variants consisting of the 13G, 15XH and the top-of-the-line RS.
In 2007, aftermarket tuner Mugen, introduced a new line of accessories for the Japanese-market 2008 Honda Fit. On 17 January 2008, they introduced the Mugen Fit F154SC at the 2008 Tokyo Auto Salon. The F154SC has a supercharger installed onto the stock L15A engine that raises base horsepower of the 1.5 L (92 cu in) I4 to 150 hp (112 kW) and 136 lb⋅ft (184 N⋅m). Other upgrades include full coilover suspension, exhaust, intake, and brakes. Body modifications include a widened track to feed more air into the engine bay.
Although the second-generation Honda Fit was introduced in the Japanese market in 2007, the first-generation Fit was still sold in the North American market for the 2008 model year. The second-generation Fit for the North American market was unveiled on March 19, 2008, at the 2008 New York International Auto Show for the 2009 model year. The North American Fit's front overhang is several inches longer to improve U.S. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) crash test ratings. The engine is a 1.5 L (92 cu in) i-VTEC 4-cylinder with 117 horsepower at 6600 rpm mated to a five-speed manual transmission or a five-speed automatic transmission.
The second-generation Honda Fit went on sale in North America on August 26, 2008, for the 2009 model year. It was considered the most expensive within the subcompact class when equipped as such, but was also described as modestly priced. It was reported in September 2009 that Honda is considering producing the Fit in North America in response to the increasing strength of the Japanese yen against the U.S. dollar.
For the 2011 models, Vehicle Stability Assist, cruise control, remote entry and USB audio interface became standard across all trim levels. In addition, the Fit Sport now comes with carpeted floor mats.
As of the 2011 model year, the base Fit comes with a remote entry, 15-inch wheels with covers, power windows, power locks, cruise control, a tilt and telescoping steering wheel, a 160-watt AM/FM/CD audio system with four speakers, a USB audio interface, a 12-volt power outlet, and other features. The Fit Sport adds a ground appearance package, 16-inch (410 mm) alloy wheels, paddle shifters, a navigation system, a security system, fog lights, chrome exhaust finisher, a leather-wrapped steering wheel, steering wheel-mounted audio controls, floor mats, a 6-speaker AM/FM/CD audio system, and other features.
For 2012, the Fit features revised floor, front fenders, A-pillars and front corner-window glass. The Fit Sport features a revised grille, dark "machined surface" finish alloy wheels, a black monochrome theme interior with chrome accents. The base model receives body-color exterior mirrors (previously black), standard security system and new wheel covers for 2012.
Canadian trims include the DX (two speakers, black door handles and side mirrors), DX-A (adds factory-installed air conditioning), LX (adds among other things, body-colored door handles and side mirrors, 15-inch lightweight alloy wheels from the 2006–11 Civic Hybrid and the DX-G, rear spoiler, power locks and remote entry, two speakers for a total of four, cruise control) and Fit Sport (adds USB jack and Vehicle Stability Assist). The Fit Sport is similar to its American counterpart, however a navigation system is not offered as an option. There are plans to build subcompact cars, which many rumoured to be Fit, in Honda's new plant in Mexico.
2010 Honda Fit base (US)
2010 Honda Fit Sport (US)
2012 Honda Fit base (US)
2012 Honda Fit Sport (US)
The Sumare-built new Fit was introduced in October 2008 in Brazil at the Sao Paulo Auto Show. There are four versions: LX and LXL, with the 1.35-liter (marketed as 1.4) 16V engine, and EX and EXL, with the 1.5-liter 16V engine. Both engines have VTEC and flex fuel capabilities as standard. Manual and automatic – both five-speed – gearboxes are offered; CVT is no longer available.
The second-generation Fit was launched as the Jazz in Malaysia in August 2008. Two models were available: Grade S and Grade V. In June 2009, a limited edition Grade S Modulo variant was launched limited to 100 units. In April 2011, the facelift model was officially launched with a sole Grade V variant being available. In August 2012, the sole Grade V variant was replaced with a Grade S variant that saw a reduction in price and a reduction in equipment. Lastly, in July 2013, Jazz was sold in Malaysia as a locally assembled model. Thus far, second generation Jazz's had been fully imported from Thailand. Only one variant was available though dubbed Grade S. It comes in a blue-black fabric upholstery for the interior, 4-speakers, a CD/MP3/WMA player with USB and AUX jack, immobiliser and 4 corner reverse sensors.
All second generation Jazz sold in Malaysia came with a 1.5 L i-VTEC engine with an automatic gearbox.
JDM-spec Honda Fit RS
The 2008 Fit is available from parallel importers and the authorized dealer in Singapore. The parallel import Fit is available in 1.3 G and GF that comes with an optional sunroof and the 1.5 RS version which packs 120 PS. The RS version has different bumpers, bigger 16-inch rims and has smoked LED tail lights. The authorized dealer sells the Jazz in two variants 1.3 L and the 1.5 L having similar specifications as the parallel imported Fit but does not adopt the RS grade for the 1.5 model. The Jazz was launched later from the authorized dealer in 2009.
The Fit is available in Thailand as the Jazz. The second generation model has been unveiled on March 23, 2008. 3 trim levels will be offered with S, V and SV. Cars with the S trim level will have 5-speed manual and 5-speed automatic transmission while the V and SV trims with only automatic transmissions. All trim levels have the 1.5-liter 16V engine with i-VTEC, ABS and CD/MP3 radio. The Jazz in Thailand gets a facelift in January 2011 with new front grille and rear bumper, sees an addition of front dual airbags across the range and front fog lights in SV models.
In early 2012, the Thai government allowed Honda Thailand to import the Jazz and Accord models from Japan to serve buyers in Thailand without any additional excise and import tax, due to a flood in the Honda plant in Ayutthaya province. The Japan-imported Jazz came with HID headlights and six airbags.
The Jazz hybrid was launched in Thailand in July 2012, the first hybrid in the country's sub-compact market. First time buyers of the car are eligible for Thai government's first car tax rebate. The Jazz that is built in Thailand was be shipped to Philippines and Australia.
The second-generation Jazz was launched in October 2008 with two trim levels; 1.3 S and 1.5 V. The 1.3 S is available in 5-speed manual or 5-speed automatic while the 1.5 V was only available in 5-speed automatic with paddle shifters and receives a different style alloy wheels. In 2011 a facelift version was launched. It received new designed front bumpers for both 1.3 and 1.5 variants and new designed alloy wheels for both variants fog lights is now available in the 1.5.
Pre-facelift Honda Jazz RS (Indonesia)
Second-facelift Honda Jazz S (Indonesia)
The second-generation Jazz was launched on 27 June 2008, sold in S and RS variants. In 2008, the total sales of Honda Jazz in Indonesia was 24,969 units, ranked 5th in total for the best-selling passenger car in Indonesia. In 2009, sales fell to 15,713 as economic activities slowed down but sales ranking improved to the fourth best-selling passenger car of the country. As of the end of November 2010, sales of Jazz totaled 20,581 unit for the year. As of June 2014, totaled 228,500 units Honda Jazz were sales (from early 2004), making it the segment leader. In mid-2011, the Jazz underwent a minor change including the redesigned front grille, the new front/rear bumper, and LED tail lights. In early 2013, the Jazz went through minor changes, including a new headlight and taillight accents, added an upper spoiler as standard, new wheels, a new audio system, and the 'RS' badge on the grille. The S trim received the chrome grille.
Launched as Jazz in India in June 2009 with 26 percent import content. It is manufactured by Honda Cars India Limited at its factory in Greater Noida. In India the car is powered by 1.2 L i-VTEC engine. Honda Cars India postpones Next-Gen Jazz launch citing production limitations. Honda expects the launch of Next-Gen Jazz in India sometime during the next fiscal in 2015.
The second-generation Fit (sold as the Jazz) is available in Australia, albeit initially without electronic stability control (known as Vehicle Stability Control in Honda nomenclature). Honda introduced the feature at the end of 2010. Stability Control has since become standard on all Jazzes sold. Until the end of 2011 the Australian Jazz was sourced from Thailand. However, due to the 2011 flooding in Thailand, Honda Australia sourced two special editions of Jazz from Japan from early 2012 until Honda's plant in Thailand resumed production. The Japan-produced Vibe and Vibe S replaced the existing GLi and VTi prefixed models.
On 28 July 2008, Honda UK announced that the second-generation Jazz would be on sale from 17 October 2008. The new model will be sold with two new engine variants; a 90 PS 1.2-liter i-VTEC gasoline capable of 55.4 miles per imperial gallon (5.10 L/100 km; 46.1 mpg‑US) (combined) and with low CO2 emissions of 120 g/km; and a 100 PS 1.4-liter i-VTEC gasoline engine capable of 53.3 miles per imperial gallon (5.30 L/100 km; 44.4 mpg‑US) (combined) and with similarly low CO2 emissions of 123 g/km. Honda also announced the introduction of an optional new "I-SHIFT" semi-automatic gearbox replacing the traditional automatic CVT gearbox that had been available on the previous model.
Production of the Jazz for European markets moved from Japan to Honda's UK plant in Swindon on 7 October 2009.
Facelifted models and the new hybrid model went on sale on 1 February 2011. Aerodynamics improvement help the Cd drop from 0.336 to 0.330. Engine modifications result in a drop of carbon emission of two grams to 123 g/km for 1.2 L engine and 126 g/km for 1.4 L engine respectively. CVT transmission will also be available on cars with the larger engine.
1,020–1,080 kg (2,249–2,381 lb) 1,080–1,170 kg (2,381–2,579 lb) (Hybrid)
The third-generation Fit/Jazz retains the overall design concept of previous generations, notably the center-located fuel tank and multi-configuration interior concept, marketed as Magic Seating.
Honda's all-new "Global Small Car Platform" employing ultra-high strength 780 MPayield steel for 27% of its bodywork — and a shorter overall length (-1.6 inches), longer wheelbase (+1.2inch) increased rear legroom (+4.8 inches) and increased passenger volume (+4.9 cu ft) compared to its previous generation.
Japanese models went on sale on 6 September 2013. Models available in Japan range from the 13G, 15X, RS and hybrid.
The Fit Hybrid uses an Earth Dreams 1.5-liter Atkinson cycle DOHC i-VTEC engine paired with a 7-speed DCT (dual-clutch transmission) and an internal high-output motor, IPU (Intelligent Power Unit) with lithium-ion battery, electric servo braking system with variable servo ratio control.
Compared to the outgoing IMA hybrid, the new hybrid can now run fully on electric while driving, making it on par with Toyota Prius. Japanese cycle fuel consumption go as low as 37 km/L for the facelift base model. Cargo capacity is 470 liters.
Non-hybrid models include the 13G (Earth Dreams 1.3-liter Atkinson cycle DOHC i-VTEC engine and CVT transmission), 15X (Earth Dreams 1.5-liter direct injection DOHC i-VTEC engine), RS (Earth Dreams 1.5-liter direct injection DOHC i-VTEC engine). The RS variant, like the outgoing model, features cosmetic enhancements featuring a sporty all round bodykit, 16 inch wheels, red interior stitching and sports pedals.
The U.S. model debuted at the 2014 North American International Auto Show and went on sale in June as a 2015 model year vehicle. The third-generation model replaces the previous SOHC engine with an all-new 1.5-liter DOHC i-VTEC engine featuring direct injection and an intake cam using continuously variable cam phasing with a variable lift dual cam lobe profile. Transmission options include a 6-speed manual or continuously variable transmission (CVT) with available paddle shifters adopted from the Civic. Fuel mileage ratings for automatic models are 33/41/36 mpg (LX model, city/highway/combined) or 32/38/35 mpg (EX and EX-L trim levels).
All Fits trim levels include a multi-angle rear-view backup camera; higher trims include dynamic guidelines. Honda's LaneWatch passenger side-view mirror camera is also optional.
The 2015 Fit was manufactured in Honda's new Mexico plant. Due to growing pains, the 2015 Fit (and HR-V also assembled at the plant) suffered high rates of assembly error. Honda responded to poor quality control by selling 2017 Fits in the United States that came from a plant in Japan. The HR-V continues to be assembled in Mexico.
The Malaysian-market third-generation Jazz is available in S, E, and V trims. Regardless of trim, all variants get a non-direct-injected 1.5-liter SOHC i-VTEC engine developing 120 PS at 6,600 rpm and 145 Nm of torque at 4,600 rpm (200 rpm lower than in the outgoing Jazz) and an Earth Dreams CVT.
Honda launched the Jazz Hybrid in June 2017, as the facelifted version. Malaysia is the only country other than Japan to sell the Jazz Sport Hybrid. Honda gives 8-year unlimited mileage warranty on the battery.
The third-generation Jazz was launched by Honda Prospect Motor on June 26, 2014. It is available in three trims: the A, S, and RS, with either manual or CVT transmission, and a special edition called Black Top Limited Edition which was launched at the 22nd Indonesia International Motor Show in September 2014. It underwent two minor changes, first in 2016 where it was fitted with a new "floating" audio head unit design, added padding on passenger airbag, and redesigned wheel. In 2017, the RS is fitted with new LED headlights and underwent some cosmetic changes.
The third-generation Jazz was rolled out on July 8, 2015 from the stables of Japanese automaker in India. Powering the new-geneneration Honda Jazz is a 1.2-liter, i-VTEC motor churning a peak power of 90 ps and a 1.5-liter i-DTEC, Earth Dreams diesel engine having a power of 100 ps. India is the first and the only market, where the Jazz has been offered in diesel as well. The diesel engine is mated to a six-speed manual transmission. The hatchback has been offered in 5 regular variants (E, S, SV, V and VX) in manual transmission and 2 variants (S and V) in CVT (continuously variable transmission). The upper V trim in CVT comes with first in segment, steering mounted paddle shifters offering 7 virtual manual selection. At the time of launch, the lowest, the E variant in gasoline was priced at 5.31 lakh rupees, while the top-end VX variant was priced at 7.29 lakh (ex-showroom, New Delhi). The E variant in diesel was tagged at 6.5 lakh, while VX diesel priced 8.59 lakh rupees (ex-showroom, New Delhi).
In the Philippines, the third-generation Honda Jazz was launched in 2014 and is available in three trim levels; the base, which is the 1.5 E, was available in either 5-speed manual or CVT. The manual variant received a steel wheel rim cover, while the E CVT received a different wheel design; the high-end 1.5 VX and 1.5 VX+ variants received unique designed alloy wheels, a touchscreen panel with the AUX/USB connection, HDMI connectivity, HSA (hill start assist), VSA (vehicle stability assist), a smart key with push start/stop button, automatic climate control, a mirror with side turning lights, and a center console with armrest and ESS (emergency stop signal). The VX+ received side-curtain airbags, and all models receive ECON button, sporty illumination gauge, and four types of modes: Utility, Long, Tall, and Refresh mode.
The third-generation Fit/Jazz received a facelift which was unveiled in Japan on May 12, 2017 and went on sale on June 29, 2017. It was also revealed in Thailand on May 19, 2017 followed by Malaysia on June 6, 2017 and the Philippines on July 17, 2017. The U.S. model was revealed on June 12, 2017 for the 2018 model year. The facelifted third-generation Jazz RS was also launched in Indonesia on July 26, 2017. The facelift features new bumpers for the 1.3L and 1.5L, LED headlights and daytime running lights incorporated into headlights.
The fourth-generation Fit/Jazz was unveiled simultaneously on 23 October 2019 in Japan at the 46th Tokyo Motor Show and Amsterdam, Netherlands at the 'Electric Vision' event. It was launched in Japan on 13 February 2020 and went on sale on the following day. Trim levels for the Japanese market Fit are Basic, Home, Ness, Crosstar and Luxe. It was also unveiled in China on 10 June 2020, with two sub-models which are Sport and Crosstar. The Fit Sport featured sportier-looking front and rear bumpers.
Honda Fit Home (GR1, Japan)
GAC-Honda Fit Sport (China)
GAC-Honda Fit Sport (China)
Honda Fit Crosstar (GR5, Japan)
Honda Fit Crosstar (GR5, Japan)
Japanese sales of the first-generation Fit greatly exceeded the original monthly sales target of 8,000 units on debut. By December 2001, it had outsold the Toyota Corolla, and ranked first in sales for nine out of twelve months in 2002. With a total sales of 250,790 for the year of 2002, it became the best-selling vehicle in Japan, which is a first for a Honda model. By September 2003, a little more than two years after the car was first sold, Fit reached 500,000 sales in Japanese market.
After a minor model change that went on sale on June 11, 2004, Honda announced that, in about 2 weeks' period after its introduction, the company received orders from customers totaled around 13,000 units. By November 2007, in less than 6 months after minor model change, cumulative sales of Fit reached one million units in Japan.
The second generation has been the top selling car in Japan since its official launch in November 2007. By September 2010, cumulative sales in Japan reached 1.5 million units.
By December 2004, cumulative global sales of Fit/Jazz reached 1 million units. On July 17, 2007, Honda announced that as of the end of June more than 2 million Fit/Jazz units had been sold worldwide since its introduction. Japan accounts for the largest percentage of sales, with 962,000 units sold in the home market. Europe is next with 417,000 units. The United States accounts for 77,000 cars since introduction in 2006. Honda expected to sell 33,000 vehicles in the U.S. for the 2007 model year, but exceeded these expectations, and sold 40,000. Honda plans to put 70,000 Fit units on American roads for the 2008 model year.
In the first half of 2008, Honda and other manufacturers were surprised by the rapid shift towards smaller cars in the United States. Sales of the Fit during the first five months of the year jumped 64% compared with that of 2007. Production of 2009 Fit for the U.S. market was to increase from 60,000 to 80,000 cars. Further increase in supply for the U.S. market is limited by Honda's production capacity of 500,000 a year for all markets.
Honda announced that by the end of July 2009, worldwide sales of Fit/Jazz reached 3 million. One year later, global cumulative sales reached 3.5 million units in July 2010.
In April 2006, Honda Australia started promoting Honda Jazz with Village Green, an animated television commercial, in 30 second and 60 second versions. The 60-second ad was inspired by Thomas the Tank Engine. The campaign was developed by Foote Cone Belding Melbourne, by creative director/art director Scott Lambert, copywriter Mark Ringer and agency producer Mandi Wright. The animated ad was directed by Michael Cusack at Anifex, with director of photography/producer Richard Chataway.
In April 2006, American Honda and its ad agency RPA launched the all-new small car, Honda Fit, with six five-second and two 30-second TV ads, with the slogan 'The Fit Is Go'. These ads ran only briefly as demand quickly outstripped supply.
In September 2008, RPA (Rubin Postaer and Associates) announced it had started a national advertising campaign for Honda Fit, beginning September 29. The list of ads include "Mecha-Mosquitoes," (broke 9/21) "Defense Mechanism" (breaks 10/2) and "Bats" (breaks 9/28), produced by Digital Domain. As part of the campaign, the vehicle also appeared in Gossip Girl, 90210, America's Next Top Model, Smallville and Everybody Hates Chris. Print ads "Gas Hogs" and "Cavernous" will be featured in popular magazines. A dedicated marketing site was built to communicate top product features through games and interactive experiences. The campaign continued the slogan 'The Fit Is Go'.
Honda showed a concept electric vehicle with the Honda Fit styling in 2010, and did a limited production of Honda Fit EV in 2013–2015.
The Fit EV conceptelectric car had its global debut in the 2010 Los Angeles Auto Show. The concept uses a motor derived from Honda FCX Clarity hydrogen fuel cell vehicle, that, in sport mode, gives the driving feel of a car with a 2-liter gasoline engine. The vehicle is paired with an exclusive interactive key fob that enable the driver to view the battery's state of charge, initiate charging, and activate the vehicle's climate control all without a cell-phone or an Internet connection. The car can also pair with mobile app and web site that allows drivers to set the vehicle's charging schedule for the best utility rates, locates charging stations and provides 24/7 roadside assistance.
A demonstration program with pre-production vehicles began in Guangzhou, China in early November 2011. Another program, called Honda Electric Vehicle Demonstration Program, is taking place in California, in partnership with Stanford University, the city of Torrance and Google. The electric vehicle joins Google's GFleet, a car-sharing service for employees. Stanford uses the electric vehicle to study differences in the psychological and physical reaction of using battery-electric vehicles and driving a traditional gasoline-powered vehicle.
The first 2013 Fit EV demonstrator was delivered to the city of Torrance in January 2012. Stanford and Google received their demonstrators in February 2012.
The 2013 model year production Fit EV was unveiled at the November 2011 Los Angeles Show. Vehicles for the U.S. market were limited to 1,100 units through October 2014. Honda began deliveries of the Fit EV in the United States in July 2012, and the car was available only through leasing at a price of US$389 per month for three years, based on base price of US$36,625, and later the monthly lease payment was reduced to US$259 for all customers effective from June 2013.
Initial availability was limited to California and Oregon, and sales were scheduled to begin in selected markets in Massachusetts, Connecticut, Maryland, New York, and New Jersey by late February 2013. Certified dealers for Fit EV increased from 36 to 200 by the middle of 2013. The Fit EV was released through leasing to local government and corporate customers in Japan in August 2012. Availability in Japan was limited to 200 units during its first two years.
The car is based on the Fit compact car platform, powered by a lithium-ion battery pack combined with an AC synchronous, permanent magnet coaxial traction motor and low-friction reduction gearbox borrowed from the Honda FCX Clarity hydrogen fuel cell vehicle. Honda said the Fit EV concept had an all-electric range of 70 to 100 miles (110 to 160 km) and a top speed of 90 miles per hour (140 km/h). Honda also said that recharging the Fit EV will take 12 hours from a 120-volt outlet and four hours with a 240-volt supply.
Electrical engine of Honda Fit EV
The United States Environmental Protection Agency official range is 82 mi (132 km) and the agency rated the Fit EV combined fuel economy at 118 miles per gallon gasoline equivalent (2.0 L/100 km), at the time, the highest of any electric car available in the U.S. market, topping Mitsubishi i MiEV, rated with a combined 112 MPGe (2.1 L/100 km). The Fit EV was surpassed in December 2012 by Scion iQ EV, a two-seater, with a rating of 121 MPGe combined. Energy consumption is 29 kW·h per 100 miles, and the fuel economy rating for city driving is 132 MPGe (1.8 L/100 km) and 105 MPGe (2.2 L/100 km) for highway. Under the Japanese JC08 test, the Fit EV achieved the current best AC energy consumption rate of 106 Wh/km and a range of 225 km (140 mi).
The Fit EV employs Toshiba's SCiB batteries that can be recharged to 80% capacity in 15 minutes and can be recharged up to 4,000 times, more than 2.5 times that of other Li-ion batteries. The battery cells use lithium titanate oxide in the anode, providing rapid charge times and extending battery life. It also provides stable discharge from extremely cold (-30 °C) to high temperature above 40 °C. According to Honda, the SCiB battery can charge in about half the time of a typical Li-ion battery.
Honda Fit EV, like the Honda CR-Zhybrid, will have three distinct driving modes: econ, normal, and sport. Honda explained that "econ" mode will extend the driving range by 17% compared to the normal mode; in sport mode, the Fit EV imitates the acceleration of a small car with a 2.0-liter gasoline engine. The production version is equipped with a 20 kWh lithium-ion battery and 92 kW coaxial electric motor. The new electric motor is up to 98 percent efficient, contrast to the typical 15 percent efficiency of a gasoline engine. Honda estimates the Fit EV range at 123 mi (198 km) for city driving, and 76 mi (122 km) for combined city and highway. The battery can be recharged in four hours from a 240-volt outlet.
In July 2014, Honda announced the end of production of the Fit EV for the 2015 model, together with the Honda Insight hybrid and the Honda FCX Clarityhydrogen fuel-cell car. A total of 1,070 new units were leased in the United States through April 2015. In March 2015 Honda offered a two-year lease extension to existing lessees, and also to new customers on used cars, at a reduced priced of US$199 a month with no down payment. In both cases there is no purchase option at the end of the lease.
^Lim, Anthony (18 July 2012). "Nissan Note – second-gen mini MPV debuts". paultan.org. Archived from the original on 3 February 2014. Retrieved 3 February 2014. Nissan has announced the arrival of an all-new Note, and the second-generation mini MPV will take the fight to the likes of Honda Jazz in Japan, beginning early September.
^Torr, Feann (7 July 2005). "Road Test: Mitsubishi Colt". Web Wombat. Archived from the original on 3 February 2014. Retrieved 3 February 2014. Its main competitors are the more upmarket Honda Jazz and Mazda2 models [...]
^Lyon, Peter (12 November 2002). "Mitsubishi Colt". Auto Express. Archived from the original on 3 February 2014. Retrieved 3 February 2014. Outside, the Colt is slightly bigger than key rival the Honda Jazz in virtually every department. Crucially, though, it still fails to outclass the Honda in terms of cabin space.
^"2007 Honda Fit". Topspeed. In order to help maximise Fit's useable interior space, Honda located the fuel tank in a central location towards the middle of the vehicle. This allows the cargo floor in the rear of Fit to be relatively low, thus increasing the interior volume.