The Chevrolet Spark is a city car produced by GM Korea, originally marketed prominently as the Daewoo Matiz. It has been available solely as a five-door hatchback.
The first generation of Daewoo Matiz was launched in 1998 by General Motors' South Korean division GM Korea, previously known as Daewoo Motors, replacing the Daewoo Tico. After the General Motors company took control over Daewoo Motors in 2002, it has increasingly been marketed under the Chevrolet badge. The second generation model was introduced in 2005, with the third generation launched in 2010.
An all-electric version, the Chevrolet Spark EV, was released in the U.S. in selected markets in California and Oregon in June 2013. The Spark EV was the first all-electric passenger car marketed by General Motors since the EV1 was discontinued in 1999.
Daewoo Matiz, Matiz II Baojun Lechi (China) Chevrolet Exclusive (Pakistan) Chevrolet Joy (Pakistan) Chevrolet Lechi (China) Chevrolet Matiz UzDaewoo Matiz Ravon Matiz Formosa Matiz (Taiwan) FSO Matiz Pontiac G2 Pontiac Matiz Chevrolet Taxi 7:24 Chronos (Colombia)
1998–2003 (South Korea) 1998–present (under license) 1998-2008 (M100) (Romania)
The production of Daewoo Matiz started in 1998 and it was sold in South Korea and many European markets with the code name M100. The exterior design is based on the Lucciola, a 1993 Fiat Cinquecento concept by Italdesign Giugiaro which had been rejected by Fiat. The 0.8-litre gasoline engine and the transmission were carryovers from the Daewoo Tico, but it was now using a multipoint injection fuel system. Engineering was carried out at Daewoo's Worthing Technical Centre in England. The car became the best selling Daewoo model in Europe and in India for the next four years.
It was developed on the basis of the Daewoo Tico, version under license of the Suzuki Alto, with which both Tico and Matiz share mechanics and suspensions. From this origin derives its characteristic narrow width, imposed by the Japanese "Kei car" tax category, which exempts from the need to certificate that an adequate parking is available for the vehicle.
The Matiz was originally launched with just a 0.8-litre straight-three engine. It developed a maximum power of 51 hp (38 kW), a maximum torque of 68.5 N⋅m (51 lb⋅ft) and had a combined consumption of 6.4 l/100 km (44 mpg‑imp). It had a top speed of 144 km/h (89 mph) and could reach from 0 to 100 km/h (62 mph) in 17 seconds. This engine was developed from the Tico unit by Tickford, a UK company based in Milton Keynes. The Tickford connection was acknowledged in the brochures distributed in UK showrooms.
It was released mainly with three trim levels: E, S and SE. The latter had air conditioning, wheel covers, body-colored bumpers, rear spoiler, fog lights and a stereo, with optional features such as roof rails, power steering, central locking, electric front windows, ABS and driver airbag. In certain markets it was also available with an automatic transmission.
Facelifted M150-series Daewoo Matiz
Facelifted M150-series Daewoo Matiz
Formosa (FAC) Matiz
This facelift was designed at Daewoo's Worthing Technical Centre in England and introduced in South Korea in late 2000, and exported from 2001. The front-end structure was modified to accommodate a four-cylinder engine, although the introduction of this engine, the 1.0-litre S-Tec unit, was delayed until after Daewoo's takeover by General Motors in 2002.
M150 is still produced by GM-Uzbekistan (previously UzDaewooAuto) in Uzbekistan. The car was launched to the Russian market as the Ravon Matiz in 2016 but discontinued soon. In South Korea and Japan this updated Matiz was sold under the name Daewoo Matiz II.
In China the car was sold as the Chevrolet Lechi. It remained in production until 2012, when an updated version was introduced as the Baojun Lechi. It is to be offered under both Chevrolet and Baojun brands during a transition period. The Lechi has also received certain powertrain updates, making the car economical enough to qualify for a subsidy and a tax break from the Chinese government.
Euro NCAP test results for a RHD, 5-door hatchback variant on a 2000 registration:
The Chery QQ3, then known as the Chery QQ, became the center of an industrial copyright and intellectual rights controversy, as General Motors claimed the car was a copy of the Daewoo Matiz. GM executives demonstrated the extent of the design duplication, noting for example that the doors of the QQ and those of the Spark are interchangeable without modification.
The Detroit News reported that "the dispute reflects the confusion, risks and ambitions in China's new auto industry, where global carmakers are battling pugnacious upstarts for a piece of what may become the world's largest auto market."
Second generation (M200, M250; 2005–2009)
Second generation (M200, M250)
Chevrolet Matiz (M200)
Daewoo Matiz Classic (South Korea) Chevrolet Matiz Chevrolet Matiz Eco Logic (Italy) Chevrolet Taxi 7:24 Chronos Chevrolet Chevytaxi (Colombia) Chevrolet Joy Pontiac Matiz G2 Pontiac Matiz FSO Matiz
2005–2009 (South Korea) 2005–present (under license)
Interior view with the centrally mounted dashboard console
Pontiac G2 Matiz
In 2005 the Matiz received substantial modifications (M200), previewed by the Chevrolet M3X concept car shown at 2004 Paris Motor Show. The upper body was significantly revised based again on a design from Italdesign Giugiaro, the S-Tec engines were updated and the car's drag coefficient was lowered, resulting in better fuel economy. The interior was also significantly revised, one notable feature of this car being its centre-mounted instrument cluster. The platform was also revised, with a twist-beam rear suspension system replacing the previous 3-link beam axle, and the front suspension making use of cast, rather than pressed and fabricated, lower control arms.
In 2008, the 800cc engine was revised to fall below the 120g/km level, thus qualifying for the UK's £35 road tax band and no London congestion charge.
In Europe it was sold under the names Chevrolet Matiz and Chevrolet Spark. In Italy there was an LPG version called Chevrolet Matiz Eco Logic. The Matiz Eco Logic was built from 2007 to 2010 in over 60,000 vehicles by BRC Gas Equipment in Cherasco, Cuneo (Italy).
In South Korea, where it was sold only with an 800 cc engine and following the introduction of M300 Matiz (Matiz Creative), the M200 Matiz was renamed to Matiz Classic.
It was sold in over 2.3 million units worldwide during the first 10 years of production.
In India, the local manufacturer GM India produced two special editions of this generation: the Chevrolet Spark LPG, a version equipped with a sequential injection-type LPG kit, unveiled on the World Environment Day in New Delhi, and the Chevrolet Spark Muzic, introduced in 2009.
The model remains in the Chevrolet's offering in Pakistan, India,Vietnam, and Colombia (as well as in several other South American countries), where it is also produced.
Euro NCAP test results for a 5-door hatchback variant on a 2005 registration:
Daewoo Matiz Creative (South Korea) Chevrolet Spark GT (Chile, Ecuador and Colombia) Chevrolet Beat (India, Mexico 2016-present) Holden Barin Spark (Australia and New Zealand) Ravon R2 (CIS-countries, since 2016)
The redesigned Matiz (codenamed M300) was launched in 2009 and is based on the 2007 Chevrolet Beat concept car. Although sold globally as the Chevrolet Spark, in India this model retains the Beat name from the concept car, as the second generation Spark continues to be sold in this market. Prior to the 2011 elimination of the Daewoo marque in South Korea, the third generation Spark was marketed as the Daewoo Matiz Creative.This marque was less successful than the previous models.
This version was featured in the Michael Bay movie Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen as Skids alongside the GM Trax mini-SUV. The Beat concept sports a Vertigo Green exterior paint job with the same hue carried over to parts of the interior. Its profile is high at the rear and tapering down evenly to the front of the grille. Headlights that appear to extend all the way from the base of the grille to the base of the windshield are LED-type. Oversize 17 inch wheels barely hide the matching green paint of disc brakes. Twin taillights that extend upward to the back-up lights are also LEDs.
In early 2007, GM conducted a poll testing the relative popularity of the Beat, Trax and Groove concepts on a Chevrolet website, with the Beat receiving nearly 50% of the vote, which ultimately determined the car making it into production.
GM displayed a prototype woodie version of the forthcoming Chevrolet Spark for the 2010 Paris Motor Show.
Daewoo Matiz Creative (South Korea)
Holden Barina Spark CDX (Australia; pre-facelift)
Holden Barina Spark CD (Australia; facelift)
GM presented a pre-production version of the Chevrolet Beat carrying the Chevrolet Spark nameplate at the 2009 North American International Auto Show. The production version was announced at the 2009 North American International Auto Show, but only the Beat concept was shown at the time. The production Chevrolet Spark was unveiled at the 2009 Geneva Motor Show. It became available in Europe in the first quarter of 2010, followed by other markets worldwide, with US sales set to begin in early 2012. Commercial production of a 5-door Chevrolet Beat started from December 15, 2009, in Halol, Gujarat, India. It was launched in India on January 5, 2010, during Auto Expo New Delhi, India.
The GM Daewoo Matiz version was unveiled in Seoul Motor Show 2009.
The Holden version, named Barina Spark, was revealed at the 2010 Australian International Motor Show in Sydney in October. It was discontinued in February 2018.
In North America, the Spark was first delivered to GM dealerships in Mexico for the 2012 model year, but did not replace the Chevrolet Matiz (formerly Pontiac G2 Matiz), which was sold until 2014. The United States version of the 2013 Chevrolet Spark went into production on April 16, 2012, and arrived in dealerships in August 2012. For 2014 in North America, the automatic transmission is a Jatco M4M-CVT7 Continuously Variable Transmission (CVT) and the final drive ratio lowered to 3.75. The CVT gives better fuel mileage overall than the previous 4 speed automatic, and changing the final drive ratio from its previous 4.145 reduces engine noise and increases fuel economy on the highway while increasing noise and reducing fuel mileage in the city. Industry sources have commented on the ongoing reliability issues with the Jatco CVT transmissions.
Reported by Edmunds.com the 2013 Spark was the fastest selling car in the United States for July 2012, with just 6 days from when they arrived at dealers to when they were sold. and in 2017 Chevrolet has stopped the manufacturing and selling of vehicles in India.
General Motors launched the diesel version of Chevrolet Beat in the Indian auto market on July 25, 2011. The 3-cylinder, 936 cc turbodiesel engine produces 62.5 PS and 160.26 Nm of torque, resulting in good acceleration and pick up. The 1.0 L, 936 cc diesel engine enables the car to reach 100 km/h in 16 seconds and a top speed of 143 km/h. Chevrolet Beat Diesel offers mileage of 24 kpl (56 mpg) as per the ARAI (Automotive Research Association of India) test reports. The engine is based on the Fiat Multijet diesel technology.
Pre-facelift Chevrolet Spark (UK)
Facelift Chevrolet Spark (US)
Facelift Chevrolet Spark (US)
Europe: Engine choices include 1.0 and 1.2-litre I4 engines. In Italy there is an LPG version of the Spark called the Chevrolet Spark Eco Logic with BRC Gas Equipment as of the end of 2009. This bi-fuel version is available with the 1.0 and 1.2 engines (both with 16 valves) with 113 to 119 g of CO2 emissions respectively. While the LPG cars are still available in Italy, in France the LPG versions were only available from 2009 till 2012.
India: Production of the New Spark, badged as the Beat, has started at Halol Plant near Ahmedabad in Gujarat, India. Initially the car will be sold in India and Far Eastern countries. The second generation Spark is sold alongside. The car uses a 1.2 L S-TEC II engine capable of petrol and LPG, marketed as SMARTECH II. GM India was reported to build an electric version of Chevrolet Spark with Reva Electric Car Company. However, after the acquisition of Reva Electric Car Company by Mahindra & Mahindra, GM India dropped the plans, and is working on its own electric version
United States: marketed as the Chevrolet Spark, the car uses a special up-stroked version of the "S-TEC" engine (RPO code LL0).
South Korea: The Matiz version was renamed to Matiz Creative. The car has a 1.0 L S-TEC II engine with 4-speed automatic transmission. Sales began on September 1, 2009. The Groove name used in one of the rejected concepts returned as a trim level. In 2011, this car is renamed as Chevrolet Spark, as part of phasing out the Daewoo brand in South Korea, making way for the Chevrolet brand.
Australia: the Spark was released in October 2010 as the MJ series Holden Barina Spark. It came in two guises; CD and CDX. The Holden Barina Spark was discontinued in February 2018.
Uzbekistan: the Chevrolet Spark was released on August 26, 2010. It comes in three trim levels: L (1.0 L manual), LS (1.0 L manual/auto) and LT (1.2 L manual).
Russia: the Uzbekistan-made Spark has been sold in Russia as the Ravon R2 since 2016. It is available with the 1.2 L engine and automatic gearbox.
The Domino's DXP (short for "Delivery eXPert") is a 2015 Spark customized by Roush Performance for Domino's Pizza. For this car, the front and rear passenger seats are removed and replaced with storage compartments that can carry 80 pizzas, two 2-liter bottles of soda, and dipping sauces. The left rear passenger door is converted into a warming oven that can only be unlocked with the key fob or a button within the driver's door frame. Production is limited to less than 200 units and once each car reaches 100,000 miles, it will be retired and returned to Roush, where it will be restored to stock form and sold as a used Spark. Despite the intentions of Domino's to eventually retire the DXP and leave none remaining, several wrecked DXPs have been salvaged by private individuals with the intention of retaining them as rare cars when the rest of the fleet is retired. The situation has resulted in threatened legal action by a Domino's Franchisee.
In October 2011, General Motors announced the production of the Chevrolet Spark EV, an all-electric version of the third-generation Chevrolet Spark, with availability limited to select markets. The production version was unveiled at the November 2012 Los Angeles Auto Show.
Within the framework of GM's vehicle electrification strategy, the Spark EV was the first all-electric passenger car marketed by General Motors in the U.S. since the EV1 was discontinued in 1999. The Spark EV was released in the U.S. in selected markets in California and Oregon in June 2013. The electric car has gone on sale in Maryland in the second quarter of 2015, the first East Coast state where the Spark EV is available. As of December 2014[update], U.S. sales totaled 1,684 units. The Spark EV was discontinued in December 2016, when Chevrolet began selling the Bolt, which had a much longer range.
In October 2012, GM Korea announced it would start making and selling the Spark EV in Korea in 2013. Retail sales began in South Korea in October 2013.
GM also announced plans to sell the Spark EV in limited quantities in Canada and select European markets. It is available in Canada for fleet sales.
The 2014 production version featured a 97 kW (130 hp) motor, providing 542 N⋅m (400 lb⋅ft) of torque. The Spark EV can be fast-charged to 80% of capacity in 20 minutes using an optional CCS/SAE Combo Type 1 connector, and charging time increases to about seven hours using a dedicated 240-volt charging station or about 17 hours using a standard household 120-volt outlet.
In 2014, for the 2015 model year, the battery pack supplier was changed to LG Chem which resulted in a smaller capacity pack (19 kWh) while maintaining the same EV range. The drive ratio was also changed from 3.17 to 3.87 as well, with a new motor with torque reduced to 443 N⋅m (327 ft⋅lb).
A demonstration model was shown using Apple's CarPlay dashboard. On May 27, 2015, Chevrolet announced that the Spark will also come equipped with Android Auto Capability features.
A four-door sedan version was unveiled at the 2016 Auto Expo. In 2017, it was announced that the model would be exported to Latin America, but not sold in India.
In North America, the all-new Spark (the second generation of Spark to be sold in the North American market) will be available in three trim levels: the base 1LS, the midrange 1LT, and the top-of-the-line 2LT. All Sparks include an array of standard features:
1.4 L, 1,399 cc (85 cu in) LV7DOHCI4 (gasoline) producing 98 hp (73 kW) and 94 pound-feet (127 N⋅m) torque
Korean domestic version is 1.0 L engine.
Chevrolet MyLink seven-inch (7") diagonal touch-screen infotainment system w/ A/M-F/M radio, Apple CarPlay w/ Siri Eyes-Free, Android Auto, iPod/USB input jacks, Bluetooth hands-free calling w/ wireless A2DP stereo audio streaming capabilities, SiriusXM Satellite Radio w/ three-month (3mo.) trial subscription, Bringo GPS navigation via compatible smartphones, pinch-and-zoom gesture capabilities, and full voice command via smartphone
OnStar in-vehicle telematics system w/ OnStar 4G LTE and 1-year (1yr.) trial subscription (three-month/3mo. trial subscription or three gigabytes (3GB) trial of OnStar 4G LTE subscription included)
Front SRS and front and rear SRS side-impact airbags
Air conditioning (except in Canada)
Traction control, stability control, and anti-lock braking system (ABS)
The higher-end models will offer these features in addition to the features all Sparks will offer:
Exterior color-keyed interior trim panels (1LT and 2LT models)
Leatherette-trimmed seats (2LT model only)
Keyless entry w/ power windows and door locks (1LT and 2LT models)
Six (6)-speaker sound system (1LT and 2LT models)
Sixteen-inch (16") alloy wheels and tires (1LT and 2LT models)
Front fog lamps (standard equipment on 2LT model, available as an accessory on 1LS and 1LT models)
In 2018, for the 2019 model year, the Spark received a mid-cycle facelift, along with the Chevrolet Camaro, Chevrolet Cruze and Chevrolet Malibu. Changes for the Spark include a new third-generation MyLink infotainment system, revised exterior styling cues, the addition of Low Speed Autonomous Emergency Braking (AEB) on selected models, and new exterior color options. In the United States, the facelifted Spark went on sale in the third quarter of 2018 as an early 2019 model year vehicle.
Global marketing and manufacture
In India, it was launched in 1999 as the Daewoo Matiz. In 2007, General Motors India launched the Chevrolet M3X concept based third generation, as the Chevrolet Spark. In Japan, the Matiz was sold under the GM Daewoo brand through the Yanase Co., Ltd. dealership network, but was considered a "compact car" due to the length, width and engine displacement exceeding the Kei car regulations. In the Philippines, the Matiz was available during the years 1999–2000 through the grey market. In 2007, it was released under the name Chevrolet Spark. In Pakistan, the car was initially introduced as Chevrolet Exclusive in 2003. From 2005–2009 it was manufactured by Nexus Automotive under the name Chevrolet Joy, which has now been replaced by the newer M200 series and is currently sold as the Chevrolet Spark. In Taiwan, the Matiz was sold under the Formosa brand between 2001 and 2009.
From 1998 until 2004, the Matiz was sold in Europe under the Daewoo badge. In 2004, it took the Chevrolet marque, as well as the other South Korean models of General Motors, such as the Lacetti and Kalos. Since 2000, CKD kits have been supplied to UzDaewooAuto, FSO and Rodae, to be built and sold in Uzbekistan, Poland and Romania respectively. At the beginning of 2005, FSO began marketing the Matiz under their own brand. New models of the Chevrolet Matiz are sold as the Chevrolet Spark in the UK, due to a rename in 2010.
In Mexico, the Matiz was introduced to the market in 2003. The 2006 model was renamed to Pontiac Matiz G2. It was also sold as Pontiac Matiz and Pontiac G2. The Pontiac G2 was discontinued in Mexico after a short run of 2010 models as the brand was closed by General Motors. The new version was officially launched as the Chevrolet Spark in August 2010, and the Matiz continues to be sold alongside the Spark. An M300-based vehicle is currently in production in Brazil as a replacement for the Chevrolet Celta. In Colombia, the Matiz was imported by Daewoo distributors between 2002 and 2005 and then GM Colmotores began to assemble and sell it branded as Chevrolet Spark. In 2006, a taxi version called 7/24 was launched. In Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Honduras, Panama, Uruguay and Venezuela, it is sold as the Chevrolet Spark. In Argentina, the first generation was sold as the Daewoo Matiz through Daewoo importers. The second generation was sold as Chevrolet Spark through Chevrolet dealers. Since 2011, the third generation is available. In Chile, Ecuador, and Peru, the former version is sold as the Chevrolet Spark, and the latest version as the Chevrolet Spark GT. In Paraguay, it was initially sold as Daewoo Matiz, but from 2008, it is sold through Chevrolet dealers.
In North America, the Spark is available in three distinct models: the 1LS, 1LT, and 2LT, as well as the EV. The equipment on these models are as follows:
1LS: Power windows, cloth seating surfaces w/color-keyed inserts, color-keyed interior trim, fifteen-inch alloy wheels, AM/FM stereo w/auxiliary audio input jack, four speakers, four-passenger seating, fold-down rear split seat, OnStar, air conditioning, I4 engine, 6-speed manual transmission, front-wheel-drive, and more.
1LT adds: Power door locks, Security system, AM/FM touch-screen MyLink stereo w/USB and auxiliary audio input jacks, Bluetooth w/Stereo Streaming and app capabilities, and SiriusXM Satellite Radio, steering wheel-mounted audio system controls, six speakers, and cruise control.
2LT adds: Leatherette seating surfaces, power driver's seat, continuously variable transmission (CVT), and alloy wheels w/black-painted accents.
The EV is based on the 2LT model, and adds unique alloy wheels with black-painted accents, replaces the I4 engine and 6-speed automatic transmission with an electric motor, a fixed, 3.87 ratio reduction gear, and closes off the front grille due to being entirely electric.
In South Africa, General Motors South Africa (GMSA) announced on October 2, 2010, plans to manufacture the new Chevrolet Spark at its Port Elizabeth plant. The second generation Spark is still sold, though branded as a 'Spark Lite'.
In Iran, the Matiz was produced (first imported and later assembled) and known as Daewoo Matiz. In Israel, UMI (Universal Motors Israel) announced on January 18, 2011 the marketing commencement of the 1.2L Chevrolet Spark model.
Within Australia and New Zealand, the Spark is sold through Holden. Sales commenced in February 2016, with two specifications launched. The LS was the base specification, which features steel wheels, central locking as well as Holden's MyLink infotainment system. Building upon the LS, the LT adds 15 inch Alloy Wheels, Keyless entry and a rear view camera. 
With Light Car sales sliding in Australia, Holden announced in April 2018 that they would discontinue the Spark in Australia. It continues to be sold in New Zealand.
The following table lists the sales within Australia: